Museo Nacional de Dinamarca
Museum / History museum

El Museo Nacional de Dinamarca (en danés, Nationalmuseet), en Copenhague, es el mayor museo danés de historia cultural. Aunque su colección se centra en la historia de Dinamarca y del pueblo danés, también exhibe colecciones de varias partes del mundo.

Tomó como sede el Palacio del Príncipe, construido en 1744 para servir de residencia del entonces príncipe heredero Federico de Dinamarca (Federico V desde 1746), junto al canal de Frederiksholm, en el centro de la ciudad.

El origen de la colección se remonta a la cámara real de arte, fundada por Federico III en el castillo de Copenhague hacia 1650, que incluía pinturas, artesanías, objetos etnográficos, armas y antigüedades. En 1849 la colección pasó a manos del Estado y desde entonces ocupa su sede actual.

Architecture
Jardines de Tivoli
Garden / Amusement park

Los jardines de Tivoli son una de las mayores atracciones en el centro del actual Copenhague, en Dinamarca.

Se trata de un parque de atracciones que incluye numerosas actividades ( montañas rusas, distintos trenes) además de exposiciones, de conciertos, pantomimas, etc.

The Church of Our Lady (Danish: Vor Frue Kirke) is the cathedral of Copenhagen and the National Cathedral of Denmark. It is situated on Vor Frue Plads and next to the main building of the University of Copenhagen.

The present day version of the church was designed by the architect Christian Frederik Hansen in the neoclassical style and was completed in 1829.

La Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek es un museo situado en el número 7 de la Dantes Plads de Copenhague, Dinamarca. Se trata de una colección privada fundada en 1882 por Carl Jacobsen (1842–1914), hijo del fundador de la famosa marca de cerveza de la cual toma el museo su nombre.

El museo cuenta con colecciones de escultura y antigüedades griegas, romanas, etruscas, egipcias y de Oriente Próximo. Respecto al arte moderno, expone obras de, entre otros, Paul Gauguin, Edgar Degas, Jean-François Millet, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Auguste Rodin, Alfred Sisley, Camille Pissarro, etc.

Architecture

Statens Museum for Kunst (English: "Statens Museum" or sometimes "National Gallery of Denmark") is the Danish national gallery located in Copenhagen.

The museum collects, registers, maintains, researches in and handles Danish and foreign art dating from the 14th Century till the present day, mostly with their origins in western culture circles.

Architecture

El Palacio de Amalienborg (en danés: Amalienborg Slot) es la residencia de la familia real danesa en Copenhague. Está compuesta por cuatro edificios de estilo rococó, realizados por el arquitecto N. Eigtved entre 1750 y 1768, como residencia de diferentes familias de la nobleza danesa. Se convirtieron en residencia real en 1794 cuando un incendio destruyó el Palacio real de Copenhague. La Familia Real danesa lo usa como residencia de invierno.

Los cuatro palacios que conforman Amalienborg son:

Normalmente solo los palacios de Christian VII y de Christian VIII están abiertos al público.

Architecture
Thorvaldsen Museum
Museum / Sculpture

The Thorvaldsen Museum is a single-artist museum in Copenhagen, Denmark, dedicated to the art of Danish neoclassicistic sculptor Bertel Thorvaldsen (1770–1844), who lived and worked in Rome for most of his life (1796–1838). The museum is located on the small island of Slotsholmen in central Copenhagen next to Christiansborg Palace. Designed by Michael Gottlieb Bindesbøll, the building was constructed from 1838-48 following a public collection of funds in 1837.

Architecture

La Colección David (en danés, Davids Samling) es un museo de arte en Copenhague, Dinamarca, que contiene arte y artesanías de Europa del siglo XVIII, de la Edad de Oro Danesa, arte moderno danés, y una de las más importantes colecciones de arte islámico en Europa del norte.

El origen del museo es la colección privada del jurista Christian Ludvig David; se encuentra en un edificio neoclásico de la calle Kronprinsessegade, frente a los jardines del castillo de Rosenborg.

Architecture

La Rundetårn (en español: Torre Redonda) es una torre del siglo XVII ubicada en el centro de Copenhague, Dinamarca. Siendo uno de los numerosos proyectos arquitectónicos del rey Cristián IV, fue construida como observatorio astronómico. Es conocida por su pasillo helicoidal que recorre 7 vueltas y media antes de llegar a la parte más alta y por las amplias vistas panorámicas de la ciudad de Copenhague que ofrece.

La torre forma parte de el Trinitatis Complex, que también estaba compuesto por una capilla universitaria, la Iglesia Trinitatis y una biblioteca académica, que fueron las primeras instalaciones construidas específicamente por la Biblioteca Universitaria de Copenhague, fundada en 1482.

Actualmente, la Torre Redonda tiene la función de mirador, observatorio astronómico público y monumento histórico. Asimismo, en la Sala de la Biblioteca, que se encuentra por encima de la iglesia y a la cual sólo se puede acceder a través de la rampa de la torre, se suelen exhibir exposiciones y celebrar conciertos.

Architecture

Christiansborg Palace (Danish: Christiansborg Slot; pronounced [krɪsdjænsˈbɔːɐ̯ˀ]), on the islet of Slotsholmen in central Copenhagen, is the seat of the Danish Parliament, the Danish Prime Minister's Office and the Danish Supreme Court. Also, several parts of the palace are used by the monarchy, including the Royal Reception Rooms, the Palace Chapel and the Royal Stables.

The palace is thus the house of Denmark's three supreme powers: the executive power, the legislative power, and the judicial power. It is the only building in the world that houses all three of a country's branches of government. Christiansborg Palace is owned by the Danish state, and is run by the Palaces and Properties Agency.

The present building, the third to be built on the site, is the last in a series of successive castles and palaces constructed on the same site since the erection of the first castle in 1167. Since the early fifteenth century, the various buildings have served as the base of the central administration; until 1794 as the principal residence of the Danish kings and after 1849 as the seat of parliament.

The palace today bears witness to three eras of Danish architecture, as the result of two serious fires. The first fire occurred in 1794 and the second in 1884. The main part of the current palace, finished in 1928, is in the historicist Neo-baroque style. The chapel dates to 1826 and is in a neoclassical style. The showgrounds were built 1738-46, in a baroque style.

Architecture
Kastellet
Garden

Kastellet, es una de las fortificaciones de Copenhague, Dinamarca mejor conservadas del norte de Europa. Está construido en forma de un pentagrama con bastiones en sus esquinas. Kastellet fue una continuación del anillo de bastiones amurallados que rodean a Copenhague.

Una serie de edificios se encuentran dentro de los terrenos de Kastellet, incluyendo una iglesia, así como un molino de viento. La zona alberga diversas actividades militares, pero principalmente se utiliza como parque público y sitio histórico.

El castillo de Rosenborg (Rosenborg slot en danés) es un castillo-palacio que se encuentra situado en la capital danesa, la ciudad de Copenhague. Fue construido originalmente en el año 1606 como una casa de campo para uso veraniego del monarca, y supone un ejemplo de los múltiples proyectos arquitectónicos puestos en marcha por el rey de Dinamarca Cristián IV. Fue construido en estilo renacentista neerlandés, el estilo típico en que se ralizaban los edificios daneses de la época, habiendo sufrido diversas reconstrucciones, hasta culminar en la forma actualmente existente, que data de 1624 (aunque posteriormente Federico VI llevó a cabo algunas reformas de menor calado en 1833). Los arquitectos Bertel Lange y Hans van Steenwinckel fueron los diseñadores del castillo.

El palacio fue utilizado por los regentes de Dinamarca como residencia real hasta 1710. Con posterioridad al reinado de Federico IV de Dinamarca, el Palacio de Rosenborg únicamente fue utilizado como residencia real en dos ocasiones, tratándose en ambos casos de situaciones de emergencia. La primera de ellas se produjo cuando el Palacio de Christiansborg fue víctima de un incendio en 1794, y la segunda fue durante el ataque que llevó a cabo la Royal Navy a la ciudad de Copenhague el 2 de abril de 1801 (Primera Batalla de Copenhague, ataque en el que participó el almirante Horatio Nelson).

El Palacio se mantiene abierto al público para las visitas turísticas, y alberga un Museo que contiene las colecciones reales de arte propiedad de la Corona danesa que se inició en el siglo XV con Federico II de Dinamarca y llega hasta el siglo XIX, así como las joyas de la corona danesa. Alguno de los artículos expuestos pertenecía a la nobleza y la aristocracia danesas. Actualmente Rosenborg es una propiedad estatal y fue abierta a la visita del público en general en el año 1838.

Junto al Castillo se encuentran los cuarteles en los que la Guardia Real de Dinamarca, la Den Kongelige Livgarde, realiza sus ejercicios.

Architecture

Church of Our Saviour (Danish: Vor Frelsers Kirke) is a baroque church in Copenhagen, Denmark, most famous for its corkscrew spire with an external winding staircase that can be climbed to the top, offering extensive views over central Copenhagen. It is also noted for its carillon, which is the largest in northern Europe and plays melodies every hour from 8 am to midnight.

Architecture
Dæmonen
Roller coaster / Amusement park

Dæmonen (The Demon) is a roller coaster in the Danish amusement park, Tivoli Gardens. It opened April 16, 2004 and features an Immelmann loop, a vertical loop, and a Zero-G roll. The riders experience G-forces of up to four times gravity while traveling the 564 meter-long ride.

It is a floorless roller coaster, i.e. the riders have no floor between them and the track. The total cost of the roller coaster was US$12 million and was the most expensive amusement Tivoli had built in many years. Dæmonen consists of a vertex, then a drop forming a loop, then a turn to a corkscrew, then it speeds up and suddenly brakes. All in all, the ride takes 1 minute and 46 seconds.

La Sirenita (en danés Den Lille Havfrue, 'La pequeña señora del mar') es una escultura de una sirena de bronce, que se encuentra en la ciudad de Copenhague. Se encuentra en el Parque Langelinie, en la Bahía del Puerto de Copenhague, que desemboca al Mar Báltico y próxima también al Real Palacio de Amalienborg, sobre unas rocas que se adentran en el mar. En la actualidad es el símbolo más prominente de la ciudad. Su fama es internacional y es visitada a diario por gran cantidad de turistas.

La Ópera de Copenhague (Operahus København) (Ópera Realu Kongelige Teater) es el teatro nacional de ópera de Dinamarca, considerado uno de los teatros más modernos del mundo. Se encuentra también entre las óperas más costosas del planeta con un precio de construcción superior a los 500 millones de dólares. Cuenta con dos sedes, el moderno edificio inaugurado en 2005 y el Old Stage; antiguo teatro que ha quedado reservado para obras del barroco y conciertos.

Architecture

St. Alban's Church, locally often referred to simply as the English Church, is an Anglican church in Copenhagen, Denmark. It was built from 1885 to 1887 for the growing English congregation in the city. Designed by Arthur Blomfield as a traditional English parish church in the Gothic Revival style, it is in a peaceful park setting at the end of Amaliegade in the northern part of the city centre, next to the citadel Kastellet and the Gefion Fountain and Langelinie.

The church is part of Church of England's Diocese in Europe. It is dedicated to Saint Alban, the first martyr of Great Britain.

Architecture

El Parken Stadion es un estadio de fútbol ubicado en el distrito de Indre Østerbro en Copenhague, capital de Dinamarca. Ha acogido partidos de la UEFA y FIFA. También ha sido sede de conciertos multitudinarios como Madonna, Pet Shop Boys, Eminem, Tiësto, U2, Robbie Williams, etc. En 2001 acogió el Festival de Eurovisión concentrando el mayor aforo de la historia de este certamen, 38.000 espectadores.

El 11 de julio de 2009, Britney Spears pasó por este estadio para presentar su gira "The Circus Starring: Britney Spears" promoviendo su álbum Circus, delante de más de 50 mil personas. Haciendo un completo "Sold Out".

The Pantomime Theatre (Danish: Pantomimeteateret) is an open-air theatre located in the Tivoli Gardens in Copenhagen, Denmark. As indicated by the name, it is primarily used for pantomime theatre in the classical Italian commedia dell'arte tradition which is performed daily. Besides this original function, the theatre leads a second life as a venue for ballet and modern dance.

Architecture

Radisson SAS Royal Hotel es un hotel de cinco estrellas con 270 habitaciones situado en Copenhague, capital de Dinamarca. El arquitecto y diseñador danés Arne Jacobsen lo diseñó por orden de la compañía aérea escandinava Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) entre 1956 y 1960. Jacobsen cuidó hasta el más mínimo detalle del proyecto durante la construcción. Algunos de los proyectos de mueble como los sillones el cisne y huevo, son considerados como clásicos del diseño.

Architecture

The Danish Museum of Art & Design (formerly, Danish Museum of Decorative Art; Danish: Kunstindustrimuseet) is a museum in Copenhagen for Danish and international design and crafts. It features works of famous Danish designers like Arne Jacobsen, Jacob Jensen and Kaare Klint, who was one of the two architects who remodeled the former Frederiks Hospital (built 1752–57) into a museum in the 1920s. The exhibition also features a variety of Chinese and German porcelain.

The museum houses the biggest library for design in Scandinavia. It also hosts a fully annotated and illustrated database of all furniture made in Denmark from 1900 to 2000, originally compiled by Reese and Marilyn Palley and later donated to and further developed by the museum.

Architecture
Nyhavn
Road

Nyhavn (Danish pronunciation: [ˈnyhɑʊ̯n]) is a 17th century waterfront, canal and entertainment district in Copenhagen, Denmark. Stretching from Kongens Nytorv to the harbour front just south of the Royal Playhouse, it is lined by brightly coloured 17th and early 18th century townhouses and bars, cafes and restaurants. Serving as a "heritage harbour", the canal has many historical wooden ships.

La Iglesia de Federico, más conocida por su nombre popular de Iglesia de Mármol, es un templo luterano en Copenhague, Dinamarca.

Es un edificio de planta octogonal, que se comenzó a construir en 1749 por deseo del rey Federico V de Dinamarca en conmemoración del tercer centenario del ascenso de los Oldemburgo al trono danés, según diseño del arquitecto Nicolai Eigtved en estilo barroco. Su construcción se interrumpió en 1770 debido a su excesivo costo. En 1774 Nicolas-Henri Jardin modificó el proyecto original. Aún así las obras no se retomaron hasta casi un siglo después, finalizándose en 1894.

Architecture

The Royal Library in Copenhagen, Denmark (Det Kongelige Bibliotek), is the national library of Denmark and the university library of the University of Copenhagen. It is the largest library in the Nordic countries.

It contains numerous historical treasures; all works that have been printed in Denmark since the 17th century are deposited there. Thanks to extensive donations in the past the library holds nearly all known Danish printed works back to the first Danish book, printed in 1482.

The IT University of Copenhagen is a Danish globally oriented, independent university.

The IT University of Copenhagen was established in Copenhagen, Denmark in 1999. At that time, it was - in Danish - called "IT-højskolen". In 2003, when a new Danish University Law was passed, the IT University was officially appointed a University, the twelfth and smallest university in Denmark, and therefore changed its name to the IT University of Copenhagen - IT-Universitetet i København in Danish.

In 2004, the university moved to its own new building in Ørestad, right next to the Faculty of Humanities of the University of Copenhagen and the newly established headquarters of the Danish Broadcasting Corporation (DR). The new building was designed by Danish architect Henning Larsen.

The university originally only accepted students with a Bachelor's degree to its offered MSc programmes, but started its first Bachelor of Science programme in Software Development in August 2007. As of 2010 the IT University offers 3 Bachelor programmes (one of which is internationally oriented and taught in English), 4 MSc study programmes (two of which are internationally oriented and are taught in English), 4 Professional Master's study programmes, a Diploma programme and approximately 100 single subjects each semester.

The IT University is a mono-faculty university with a cross-disciplinary approach to the studying of information technology and the field is approached from a variety of perspectives: natural sciences (traditional computer science), software engineering, computer-supported cooperative work, the design and use of IT, e-business, computer games studies, and the social, cultural and aesthetic aspects of IT.

There are approximately 40 members of the scientific staff, 50 Ph.D. students and more than 2,000 students. Also, many external lecturers are affiliated with the university.

Architecture
Royal Danish Naval Museum
Museum / Military museum

The Royal Danish Naval Museum (Danish: Orlogsmuseet) is a museum dedicated to the history of the Royal Danish Navy. The displays include a collection of naval models which dates back to late 17th century. The museum is based in Søkvæsthuset, a former naval jospice which overlooks Christianshavn Canal.

The museum is a branch of the Museum of Military History which also includes the Tøjhus Museum at Slotsholmen and two museum ships, the frigate HDMS Peder Skram and the submarine HDMS Sælen, both located at Holmen.

Rosenborg Castle Gardens (Danish: Kongens Have literally The King's Garden) is the oldest and most visited park in central Copenhagen, Denmark. Established in the early 17th century as the private gardens of King Christian IV's Rosenborg Castle, the park also contains several other historical buildings, including Rosenborg Barracks, home to the Royal Guards, as well as a high number of statues and monuments. The park also plays host to temporary art exhibitions and other events such as concerts throughout the summer.

Ørstedsparken is a public park in central Copenhagen, Denmark. One in a series of parks which were laid out on the grounds of the old fortification ring after it was decommissioned in the 1870s, the park still retains elements from the old fortifications in its topography—a section of the moat now serve as an elongated lake and former bastions appear in the landscape as small hills. The park is named for the physicist Hans Christian Ørsted who is commemorated with a large monument.

El Jardín Botánico de la Universidad de Copenhague o en danés: Botanisk Have (København) también denominado como Universitets Botaniske Have, es un jardín botánico de unas 10 hectáreas de extensión. El jardín botánico es parte del Museo de Historia Natural de Dinamarca, que así mismo es parte de la Facultad de Ciencias de la Universidad de Copenhague.

Es miembro del BGCI, y presenta trabajos para la Agenda Internacional para la Conservación en los Jardines Botánicos, su código de identificación internacional como institución botánica, así como las siglas de su herbario es C.

El Banco Nacional de Dinamarca (en danés:Danmarks Nationalbank, o a menudo solo Nationalbanken) es el banco central del Reino de Dinamarca. Es un no-miembro de la eurozona que pertenece al Sistema Europeo de Bancos Centrales (ESCB). El Banco es quien acuña la moneda nacional: la Corona danesa

Architecture
Noma
Restaurant

Noma es un restaurante danés situado en Nordatlantes Brygge, una antigua bodega en Copenhague, ahora convertida en centro cultural para el área del atlántico norte.

Considerado por Restaurant Magazine como el «Mejor restaurante del mundo» en 2010, 2011 y 2012, tiene también en su haber 2 estrellas en la Guía Michelin (2012).

El nombre Noma es un acrónimo del danés "nordisk mad", que significa "comida nórdica". La base de sus menús son ingredientes locales y representa la cocina danesa moderna. René Redzepi es el jefe de cocina y co-propietario del restaurante.

La Fuente de Gefion (en danés: Gefionspringvandet) es una gran fuente situada en un extremo del puerto de Copenhague, Dinamarca, muy próxima a la famosa estatua de la Sirenita. Cuenta con un gran grupo de figuras de animales inspirados en la legendaria diosa Gefjun de la mitología nórdica. Está situada en el Parque Langelinie junto a la fortaleza de Kastellet y es uno de los monumentos más grandes de Copenhague.

Architecture

Børsen (English: The Stock Exchange) is a building on Slotsholmen in central Copenhagen, Denmark. It is built by Christian IV in 1619–1640 and is the oldest stock exchange in Denmark. It is particularly known for its Dragon Spire shaped as the tails of four dragons twined together, reaching a height of 56 metres.

Architecture

The Lakes (Danish: Søerne) in Copenhagen, Denmark are a row of 5 rectangular lakes (the 2 closest to Vesterbro are, combined, approximately the same size as the other three) curving around the western margin of the City Centre, forming one of the oldest and most distinctive features of the city's topography. The paths around them are popular with strollers, bikers, and runners.

Christian's Church (Danish: Christians Kirke) is a magnificent Rococo church in the Christianshavn district of Copenhagen, Denmark. Designed by Nicolai Eigtved, it was built 1754–59.

The church was originally built by the German community as a church for the large German community at Christianshavn and served this purpose until the end of the 19th century. Today it is a regular parish church for Christian's Parish within the Danish National Church. Its name is a reference to King Christian IV. who founded the Christianshavn district in 1611.

Architecture

The Prince's Mansion is a palatial Rococo-style mansion located at Frederiksholms Kanal in central Copenhagen, Denmark. It used to serve as the official residence of the Crown Prince of Denmark but now houses the National Museum of Denmark.

Architecture

La Colección Hirschprung (en danés, den Hirschsprungske Samling) es un museo de arte de Copenhague, Dinamarca. Se ubica en el parque Østre Anlæg, cerca del Museo Nacional de Arte, y alberga una extensa colección de arte danés del siglo XIX y principios del siglo XX. Hace énfasis en la Edad de Oro Danesa entre 1800 y 1850, pero otros artistas, como los pintores de Skagen o los de la ruptura moderna también están bien representados.

El museo se inició a partir de la colección personal de Heinrich Hirschsprung (1836-1908), empresario del tabaco y mecenas de artistas, quien fundó su colección en 1865 y la donó al Estado danés en 1902. El edificio de la colección, es de estilo neoclásico; fue diseñado por el arquitecto Hermann Baagøe Storck, y se inauguró en 1911.

The Church of Holmen (Danish: Holmens Kirke) is a church in central Copenhagen in Denmark, on the street called Holmens Kanal. First built as an anchor forge in 1563, it was converted into a naval church by Christian IV. It is famous for having hosted the wedding between Margrethe II of Denmark, current queen of Denmark, and Prince Henrik in 1967. It is the burial site of such notabilities as naval heroes Niels Juel and Peter Tordenskjold, and composer Niels Wilhelm Gade, and contains artwork by, among others, Bertel Thorvaldsen and Karel van Mander.

Architecture

St. John's Church (Danish: St. Johannes Kirke) is a church located next to Sankt Hans Torv in the heart of the Nørrebro district of Copenhagen, Denmark. Opened in 1861, it was the first church to be built outside the city's old fortification ring when it was decommissioned and new residential neighbourhoods sprung up outside the former city gates.

Architecture

Strøget is a carfree zone in Copenhagen, Denmark. This popular tourist attraction in the centre of town is the longest pedestrian shopping area in Europe.

The street is bound on the west by The City Hall Square (Danish: Rådhuspladsen), the central town square by Copenhagen City Hall, and on the east by Kongens Nytorv ("The King's New Square"), another large square at the other end. But the Strøget area is actually a collection of streets that spread out from this central thoroughfare. These streets, in order from Rådshuspladsen to Kongens Nytorv, are as follows:

Many of the city's most famous and expensive stores, such as Illums Bolighus, Magasin du Nord, the Royal Copenhagen Porcelain Factory, and chain stores, are located along the strip. There are also a multitude of souvenir shops and fast food outlets.

Strøget was created in November 1962 when cars were beginning to dominate Copenhagen's old central streets. During the 1950s the street had closed to traffic for a couple of days at Christmas. In 1962 the closure was "half disguised" as an extended holiday closure, but the road has remained closed since. The idea was controversial, some people believing that the Danes did not have the mentality for "public life" envisioned by such a street, and many local merchants believed the move would scare away business. However it proved a success, and the area soon boasted more shoppers, cafes, and a renewed street life. Building on Strøget’s success, the network expanded piecemeal – another street and a few more squares were emptied of cars in 1968, and further closures took place in 1973, 1980, and 1992. From the initial 15,800 square metres of the Strøget, Copenhagen’s pedestrian network has expanded to about 100,000 square metres.

The idea has become a model often emulated elsewhere. Danish architect and urban planner Jan Gehl has been instrumental in the creation of this pedestrian zone.

About 250,000 people use Strøget every day at the height of tourist season in summer, and about 120,000 do so on a winter's day.

For many years in the late 20th century, tourists on Strøget enjoyed the spectacle of a large man in full Viking costume, directing them to one of the sweater markets. Today, there is a variety of street entertainment.

The west end of Strøget at The City Hall Square is a short walking distance from Tivoli Gardens and Copenhagen's Central Train Station. At the east end of Strøget at Kongens Nytorv are the Royal Danish Theatre and the exclusive Hotel d'Angleterre. Kongens Nytorv is close to the popular Nyhavn area, Langelinie and Amalienborg Palace, the royal residence.